Clojure + Ring + API Gateway + Lambda

Serverless is all the rage right now, so I’ve been playing with AWS Lambda, and just by the name itself what could possibly be a better fit for lambda than using Clojure on it? Since I’m mostly interested in webapps I decied to give API Gateway a spin with lambda, sadly it does not immedialty work with the awesome Ring library for building web applications in clojure. Luckily it is reasonably easy to map between the two, and inspired by ring-aws-lambda-adapter some time later I now have a working version of Ring + API Gateway. Together with AWS SAM and AWS SAM CLI this makes for quite a nice, local or cloud, development and hacking experience. And all it took is about 90 lines of Clojure

(ns playground.core
  (:require [clojure.data.json :as json]
            [clojure.java.io :as io]
            [clojure.string :as s]
            [ring.util.codec :as codec]
            [ring.util.response :as r])
  (:gen-class
   :name playground.core.Handler
   :implements [com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.RequestStreamHandler])
  (:import [com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime RequestStreamHandler]
           [java.io InputStream File]
           [clojure.lang ISeq]))

(defn sample-handler
  [event]
  (r/response "Hello Lambda, from ring!"))

(defn stream->event
  [in]
  (json/read (io/reader in) :key-fn keyword))

(defn str->int
  [s]
  (try
    (Integer/parseInt s)
    (catch NumberFormatException _)))

(defn maybe-remote-address
  "Take a guess at the remote client ip based on the X-FORWARDED-FOR header.
  This is not perfect as the X-FORWARDED-FOR can easily be spoofed. "
  [x-forwarded-for]
  (some-> x-forwarded-for
          (s/split #"," 2)
          first
          s/trim))

(defn maybe-http-version
  "Take http version frim VIA header if present"
  [via]
  (some-> via
          (s/split #" " 2)
          first
          s/trim))

(defn api-gw-event->ring-request
  ([ev] (api-gw-event->ring-request ev nil))
  ([ev ctx]
   (let [headers (get ev :headers {})]
     {:server-port (str->int (:X-Forwarded-Port headers))
      :body (:body ev)
      :server-name (:Host headers)
      :remote-addr (maybe-remote-address (:X-Forwarded-For headers))
      :uri (:path ev)
      :query-string (codec/form-encode (get ev :queryStringParameters {}))
      :scheme (maybe-http-version (:Via headers))
      :request-method (:httpMethod ev)
      :protocol (:X-Forwarded-Proto headers)
      :headers headers
      :event ev
      :context ctx})))

(defmulti wrap-body class)
(defmethod wrap-body String [body] body)
(defmethod wrap-body ISeq [body] (s/join body))
(defmethod wrap-body File [body] (slurp body))
(defmethod wrap-body InputStream [body] (slurp body))

(defn ring-response->api-gw-response
  [response]
  {:statuCode (:status response)
   :headers (:headers response)
   :body (wrap-body (:body response))})

(defn handle-request
  "Handle an api-gateway request from IN via a RING-HANDLER writing
  response to OUT."
  [ring-handler in out ctx]
  (let [event (stream->event in)
        request (api-gw-event->ring-request event ctx)
        response (ring-handler request)
        event-response (ring-response->api-gw-response response)]
    (with-open [w (io/writer out)]
      (json/write event-response w))))

(defn -handleRequest
  "Implementation for RequestStreamHandler handleRequest using IN
  instream OUT outstream and CTX context object, delegating to
  handle-request to handle request using ring"
  [_ in out ctx]
(handle-request sample-handler in out ctx))

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